A mortgage is a loan that is secured by the value of your home or other real estate. Mortgages may be offered at a fixed interest rate for the life of the loan, or at a rate that may change over the life of the loan. Repayment terms range from 15 to 30 years, depending on the type of loan.
Some terms that you might hear in discussing mortgages include:
- Amortization: The process of paying the principal and interest on a loan through regularly scheduled installments.
- Annual Percentage Rate (APR): The cost of the loan expressed as a yearly rate on the balance of the loan.
- Application fee: The fee that a lender charges to process a loan application
- Balloon loan: A mortgage in which monthly installments are not large enough to repay the loan by the end of the term. As a result, the final payment due is the lump sum of the remaining principle.
- Closing costs: Expenses incidental to the sale of real estate, including loan, title and appraisal fees
- Convertible adjustable-rate mortgage: A mortgage that starts as an adjustable-rate loan but allows the borrower to change it to a fixed-rate mortgage during a specified period of time Equal Credit Opportunity Act: A federal law that prohibits a lender or other creditor from refusing to grant credit based on the applicant’s sex, marital status, race, religion, national origin or age.
- Fannie Mae: The Federal National Mortgage Association (FNMA)
- Federal Housing Administration (FHA): This government agency operates a variety of home-loan programs.
- Fixed-rate mortgage: A home loan with an interest rate that will remain constant for the term of the loan.
- Freddie Mac: The Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation
- Housing expense ratio: The percentage of gross monthly income devoted to housing costs
- Index: Financial tables used by lenders to calculate interest rates on adjustable mortgages and on Treasury bills
- Interest rate: The sum, expressed as a percentage, charged for a loan.
- Interest rate caps: A limit on the amount that can be charged to the monthly payment of an adjustable-rate mortgage during an adjustment period.
- Interest rate ceiling: The highest interest a lender can charge for an adjustable-rate mortgage
- Interest-only loan: A mortgage on which the borrow pays only the interest that accrues on the loan balance each month, and so the outstanding balance does not decline with each payment
- Late charge: A fee imposed on a borrower when the borrower does not make a payment on time
- Mortgage acceleration clause: A clause that allows the lender to demand that the entire balance of the loan be repaid in a lump sum, usually if the house is sold or refinancing, the title changes hands or the borrower defaults
- Origination fee: A fee charged for processing a loan; also called “points” PITI (Principal, Interest, Taxes and Insurance): The figure is designed to represent the borrows actual monthly mortgage-related expenses
- PMI (Private Mortgage Insurance): A special type of loan insurance that is often required if the borrower’s down payment is less than 20 percent of the home’s purchase price
- Qualifying ratios: The formulas that lenders use to determine how much a potential buyer can borrow
- Rate lock: An option to set an interest rate during the loan application process
- Total expense ratio: The percentage of monthly debt obligations relative to gross monthly income
- Treasury Index: An index used to determine interest rate changes for adjustable rate mortgages
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What Our Customers are Saying
Dear Jeremy and Ryan, We can’t thank you enough for the exceptional customer service and flawless execution you and the entire Trident Team provided us for our new home. You were both so attentive, responsive, thorough and helpful during this process! Because of your efforts, we are beyond satisfied with Trident and will always recommend you to others. Working one on one with Ryan over the past month has been really amazing. You are exceptional and really organized (which I LOVE). I have enjoyed working alongside of you ironing out all of the final details of the loan. You are amazing!!! I didn’t realize you were coming to closing yesterday, so I was thrilled to have finally met you. You exceeded our expectations and I am eternally grateful for your services. I chose to stick with you as our lender because of the story I shared with you some time ago… We truly appreciate all of your efforts, loans are SO much work and I know firsthand how the details are so critical (between our refinance at our present home last year and the sale of [B]’s father’s home a few months ago). I thought a 30-day close was a little aggressive and we would have settlement pushed back, but boy I was wrong. It was a pleasure working with you both and I expected a lot of back and forth and there were barely any issues. I know there are/were several other team members I did not have the pleasure to come in contact with, please extend our gratitude to them and let them know how satisfied, happy and grateful we are for their service. Such a commitment to exceptional customer service should be commended, please feel free to share my email with your supervisor/managers. Customer service like this makes clients feel so special and that you really care about developing long-term relationships that mean more than just closing another loan. We will definitely keep you in mind when/if we decide to refinance in a year or 2. We are planning to make some additional upgrades to the house and I will definitely keep in touch. Thank you again so much from the bottom of our hearts, we are so excited! I hope you have a fantastic, wonderful summer. Thank you!~ M. & B. C.